The F2F team coordinates research actions in the field of palms reproductive development biology.
Indeed, the Palm family (Arecaceae) forms an original set of more than two thousand species in the Monocotyledons and constitutes a major component of the biodiversity of the tropical and semi-tropical regions.
The palms are characterized by reproductive systems based mainly on the unisexualization of the flowers, as well as by a great morphological, phenological and physiological diversity of flowers and fruits development, which makes it a particularly interesting system to understand the biological processes and the evolving forces associated with this diversity.
The reproductive development control is crucial for fruit production and therefore has a major impact on the food security of these regions. Finally, in a context of climate change, knowledge of the environmental effect on the plasticity of these mechanisms is essential for the selection of well adapted genotypes.
Our research focuses on two palms species whose fruits are of major socio-economic interest for the South: the oil palm, a tropical species and the first source of plant oil, and the date palm, a Mediterranean species adapted to arid areas producing dates with high nutritional value.
Our activities integrate genetics, genomics, biotechnology and cellular imaging approaches and are carried out in collaboration with partners in Benin, Tunisia, Djibouti, Ecuador and Indonesia.