DIversité - Adaptation - DEveloppement des plantes

The team's activities are structured along the following themes:

Sex differentiation and determination in palms

 

 

Regulation of oil palm inflorescence development

Inflorescence development is highly sensitive to a variety of stresses. It is therefore important to characterize how this phase is regulated in order to understand how the environment impacts production. Thus, we focus on the effects of drought on gene expression and phenomenon of early inflorescence abortion, and we study a floral abnormality that is generated by the in vitro cloning process.

 

Fruit development, physiology and metabolism in palms

 

Lipid diversity and biosynthesis in palms fruits

Lipidmap project - Fruits and seeds lipid metabolism in palms.

VitaPalm project - Genetic determinants of vitamin E and pro-vitamin A contents in palm oil. Funded by PalmElit SAS.

 

Identification de marqueurs moléculaires pour un ensemble de caractères liés à la maturation du fruit du palmier à huile

G3As project - Genetic determinants of 3 fruit traits of interest: bunch age at harvest, abscission and oil acidity.  Funded by PalmElit SAS. 

 

Molecular, cellular and genetic studies of oil palm fruit abscission

Abscission project - Molecular determinants of fruit abscission in Elaeis. Funded by PalmElit SAS.

Fruit abscission depends on cell separation mechanisms that occur within specialized cell layers called the abscission zone (AZ). Our research focuses on the molecular and cellular mechanisms in the AZ underlying ripe fruit abscission of the monocot oil palm (Elaeis guineensis). Current work involves comparative studies with the American oil palm Elaeis oleifera that has evolved different anatomical and physiological characteristics compared to E. guineensis.

 

Physiology of palms seeds preservation and germination

GermPalm project - Physiology of oil palm seeds preservation and germination. Funded by PalmElit SAS.

Dormpalm project – Identification of biological processes associated dormancy release in oil palm seeds

CryoPalm project - Cryopreservation of oil palm seeds. Funded by PalmElit SAS.

Biology and preservation of seeds from African fan palm species: Borassus aethiopum and Borassus akeassii

 

Genetic diversity and reproductive development of the African fan palm (Borassus aethiopum Mart.)

Through this project led by a Beninese partner, we study a palm species of relevance for rural West African economy and for which little data is available.

 

Professional expertise in in vitro micropropagation of palms and development of biotechnological tools

Within the environment of the GeneTrop platform, the implementation of our expert knowledge of in vitro micropropagation of palm species through somatic embryogenesis enables us to develop biotechnological tools supporting our research in functional biology. Our latest works focus on setting up operational genetic transformation protocols, which require the production and maintenance of specific in vitro-propagated tissues (calli, embryos, protoplasts, nurse cells, etc).

 

 

Collaborations

Centre de recherches agricoles - Plantes Pérennes (CRA-PP), Benin

European Network of Palm Scientists (EUNOPS)

Institut Jean-Pierre Bourgin, Versailles, France

IVIA - Centre De Genomica, Spain

PT SMART, Indonesia

Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador (PUCE), Ecuador

Qatar Foundation, Qatar

SAS PalmElit, France

SIAT, Nigeria

Socfindo, Indonesia

UMR AGAP (CIRAD, INRA), France

UMR IPME (IRD, UM, CIRAD), France

Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá, Colombia

Université d'Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Benin

University of Hohenheim, Germany

University of Kasetsart, Thailand

University of Oslo, Norway

Université Ouaga 1 Professeur Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Burkina Faso

University of Walailak, Thailand

 

Research
Research from the team
Publications
F2F team publications
Team members
Permanent and temporary staff