The main objective of the F2F group is to study the key processes governing flower and fruit development of the two most important cultivated palms; date palm and oil palm. The main research topics are currently on floral induction and development, sex determination, fruit ripening and abscission, and seed maturation and germination.
Sex differentiation and determination in palms
Regulation of oil palm inflorescence development
Inflorescence development is highly sensitive to a variety of stresses. It is therefore important to characterize how this phase is regulated in order to understand how the environment impacts production. Thus, we focus on the effects of drought on gene expression and phenomenon of early inflorescence abortion, and we study a floral abnormality that is generated by the in vitro cloning process.
Fruit development, physiology and metabolism in palms
- Lipid diversity and biosynthesis in palms fruits
- Lipidmap project - Fruits and seeds lipid metabolism in palms.
- VitaPalm project - Genetic determinants of vitamin E and pro-vitamin A contents in palm oil. Funded by PalmElit SAS.
- Identification de marqueurs moléculaires pour un ensemble de caractères liés à la maturation du fruit du palmier à huile
- G3As project - Genetic determinants of 3 fruit traits of interest: bunch age at harvest, abscission and oil acidity. Funded by PalmElit SAS.
- Molecular, cellular and genetic studies of oil palm fruit abscission
- Abscission project - Molecular determinants of fruit abscission in Elaeis. Funded by PalmElit SAS.
Physiology of palms seeds preservation and germination
- GermPalm project - Physiology of oil palm seeds preservation and germination. Funded by PalmElit SAS.
- Dormpalm project – Identification of biological processes associated dormancy release in oil palm seeds
- CryoPalm project - Cryopreservation of oil palm seeds. Funded by PalmElit SAS.
- Biology and preservation of seeds from African fan palm species: Borassus aethiopum and Borassus akeassii
Genetic diversity and reproductive development of the African fan palm (Borassus aethiopum Mart.)
Through this project led by a Beninese partner, we study a palm species of relevance for rural West African economy and for which little data is available.
Professional expertise in in vitro micropropagation of palms and development of biotechnological tools
Within the environment of the GeneTrop platform, the implementation of our expert knowledge of in vitro micropropagation of palm species through somatic embryogenesis enables us to develop biotechnological tools supporting our research in functional biology. Our latest works focus on setting up operational genetic transformation protocols, which require the production and maintenance of specific in vitro-propagated tissues (calli, embryos, protoplasts, nurse cells, etc).
Centre de recherches agricoles - Plantes Pérennes (CRA-PP), Benin
European Network of Palm Scientists (EUNOPS)
Institut Jean-Pierre Bourgin, Versailles, France
IVIA - Centre De Genomica, Spain
PT SMART, Indonesia
Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador (PUCE), Ecuador
Qatar Foundation, Qatar
SAS PalmElit, France
UMR AGAP (CIRAD, INRA), France
UMR IPME (IRD, UM, CIRAD), France
Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá, Colombia
Université d'Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Benin
University of Hohenheim, Germany
University of Kasetsart, Thailand
University of Oslo, Norway
Université Ouaga, Burkina Faso
University of Walailak, Thailand