The team's activities are structured along the following themes:
Sex differentiation and determination in palms
Regulation of oil palm inflorescence development
Inflorescence development is highly sensitive to a variety of stresses. It is therefore important to characterize how this phase is regulated in order to understand how the environment impacts production. Thus, we focus on the effects of drought on gene expression and phenomenon of early inflorescence abortion, and we study a floral abnormality that is generated by the in vitro cloning process.
Fruit development, physiology and metabolism in palms
Lipid diversity and biosynthesis in palms fruits
Lipidmap project - Fruits and seeds lipid metabolism in palms.
VitaPalm project - Genetic determinants of vitamin E and pro-vitamin A contents in palm oil. Funded by PalmElit SAS.
Identification de marqueurs moléculaires pour un ensemble de caractères liés à la maturation du fruit du palmier à huile
G3As project - Genetic determinants of 3 fruit traits of interest: bunch age at harvest, abscission and oil acidity. Funded by PalmElit SAS.
Abscission project - Molecular determinants of fruit abscission in Elaeis. Funded by PalmElit SAS.
Fruit abscission depends on cell separation mechanisms that occur within specialized cell layers called the abscission zone (AZ). Our research focuses on the molecular and cellular mechanisms in the AZ underlying ripe fruit abscission of the monocot oil palm (Elaeis guineensis). Current work involves comparative studies with the American oil palm Elaeis oleifera that has evolved different anatomical and physiological characteristics compared to E. guineensis.
Physiology of palms seeds preservation and germination
GermPalm project - Physiology of oil palm seeds preservation and germination. Funded by PalmElit SAS.
Dormpalm project – Identification of biological processes associated dormancy release in oil palm seeds
CryoPalm project - Cryopreservation of oil palm seeds. Funded by PalmElit SAS.
Biology and preservation of seeds from African fan palm species: Borassus aethiopum and Borassus akeassii
Genetic diversity and reproductive development of the African fan palm (Borassus aethiopum Mart.)
Through this project led by a Beninese partner, we study a palm species of relevance for rural West African economy and for which little data is available.
Professional expertise in in vitro micropropagation of palms and development of biotechnological tools
Within the environment of the GeneTrop platform, the implementation of our expert knowledge of in vitro micropropagation of palm species through somatic embryogenesis enables us to develop biotechnological tools supporting our research in functional biology. Our latest works focus on setting up operational genetic transformation protocols, which require the production and maintenance of specific in vitro-propagated tissues (calli, embryos, protoplasts, nurse cells, etc).
Centre de recherches agricoles - Plantes Pérennes (CRA-PP), Benin
European Network of Palm Scientists (EUNOPS)
Institut Jean-Pierre Bourgin, Versailles, France
IVIA - Centre De Genomica, Spain
PT SMART, Indonesia
Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador (PUCE), Ecuador
Qatar Foundation, Qatar
SAS PalmElit, France
UMR AGAP (CIRAD, INRA), France
UMR IPME (IRD, UM, CIRAD), France
Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá, Colombia
Université d'Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Benin
University of Hohenheim, Germany
University of Kasetsart, Thailand
University of Oslo, Norway
Université Ouaga 1 Professeur Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Burkina Faso
University of Walailak, Thailand