DIversité - Adaptation - DEveloppement des plantes

The main objective of the F2F group is to study the key processes governing flower and fruit development of the two most important cultivated palms; date palm and oil palm. The main research topics are currently on floral induction and development, sex determination, fruit ripening and abscission, and seed maturation and germination.

Sex differentiation and determination in palms

Regulation of oil palm inflorescence development

Inflorescence development is highly sensitive to a variety of stresses. It is therefore important to characterize how this phase is regulated in order to understand how the environment impacts production. Thus, we focus on the effects of drought on gene expression and phenomenon of early inflorescence abortion, and we study a floral abnormality that is generated by the in vitro cloning process.

Fruit development, physiology and metabolism in palms

  • Lipid diversity and biosynthesis in palms fruits
    • Lipidmap project - Fruits and seeds lipid metabolism in palms.
    • VitaPalm project - Genetic determinants of vitamin E and pro-vitamin A contents in palm oil. Funded by PalmElit SAS.
  • Identification de marqueurs moléculaires pour un ensemble de caractères liés à la maturation du fruit du palmier à huile
    • G3As project - Genetic determinants of 3 fruit traits of interest: bunch age at harvest, abscission and oil acidity.  Funded by PalmElit SAS. 

Physiology of palms seeds preservation and germination

Genetic diversity and reproductive development of the African fan palm (Borassus aethiopum Mart.)

Through this project led by a Beninese partner, we study a palm species of relevance for rural West African economy and for which little data is available.

Professional expertise in in vitro micropropagation of palms and development of biotechnological tools

Within the environment of the GeneTrop platform, the implementation of our expert knowledge of in vitro micropropagation of palm species through somatic embryogenesis enables us to develop biotechnological tools supporting our research in functional biology. Our latest works focus on setting up operational genetic transformation protocols, which require the production and maintenance of specific in vitro-propagated tissues (calli, embryos, protoplasts, nurse cells, etc).

Collaborations

Centre de recherches agricoles - Plantes Pérennes (CRA-PP), Benin

European Network of Palm Scientists (EUNOPS)

Institut Jean-Pierre Bourgin, Versailles, France

IVIA - Centre De Genomica, Spain

PT SMART, Indonesia

Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador (PUCE), Ecuador

Qatar Foundation, Qatar

SAS PalmElit, France

SIAT, Nigeria

Socfindo, Indonesia

UMR AGAP (CIRAD, INRA), France

UMR IPME (IRD, UM, CIRAD), France

Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá, Colombia

Université d'Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Benin

University of Hohenheim, Germany

University of Kasetsart, Thailand

University of Oslo, Norway

Université Ouaga, Burkina Faso

University of Walailak, Thailand

 

Updated 02/03/2020

 

Research
Research from the team
Publications
F2F team publications
Team members
Permanent and temporary staff